Tag Archives: Non-Fiction

Perseid Meteor Shower

Perseid Meteor Shower

National Geographic Kids Meteors

Have you ever seen a “shooting” or “falling” star? These streaks of light are not actually stars at all, but space rocks falling through the earth’s atmosphere. These rocks are called meteoroids or meteors. As the meteor falls it rubs against particle’s in the earth’s atmosphere which creates friction, making the meteor extremely hot. Usually, the meteors become so hot they burn up and disappear before hitting the earth. The flame of that burning up is what we see and what makes meteors look like a star falling out of the sky. If a meteor does survive its journey through the atmosphere and lands on the earth, it is called a meteorite.

At certain times of year we can see a lot of meteors all at once because the earth is passing through a field of space rocks. These times of year are called “meteor showers” because so many space rocks are falling through the earth’s atmosphere at one time. Each year in late summer the Earth passes through a trail of dust and debris left by an ancient comet called Comet Swift-Tuttle. This creates a high number of meteors and is called the Perseid Meteor Shower because the meteors appear to come from within the constellation Perseus.

This year, the Perseid Meteor Shower will occur from July 17 to Aug. 24.

The best way to see meteors is to go outside after dark, lie on your back and look straight up. You might have to wait. Bring a good snack – like popcorn!

You  might also like to know about the solar eclipse that will happen on August 21st!

TCM Meteor

 

This meteorite is an Artifact at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis.

“Meteorites are one of the few extraterrestrial, from outer space, materials scientists have to study. Most meteorites found on the ground are iron, which are very dense and appear quite different from ordinary rock. This is a Gibeon meteorite made up mostly of iron and nickel. These meteorites resulted in a huge meteor shower that occurred thousands of years ago. Upon hitting he earth’s atmosphere, a large iron mass (or masses) fragmented, showering down to Earth. These fragments were first reported in 1838, with more fragments showing up in following years as Europeans moved in.”

 

 

Websites:

Books:

Comets Meteors and AsteroidsHow the Meteorite Got to the MuseumMeteor ShowersMeteorsNational Geographic Kids MeteorsSeven Wonders of Asteroids Meteors and CometsShooting StarsMeteor!My Friend the StarfinderOlivia Wishes on a StarOne Starry Night
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Solar Eclipse, Aug. 21st – Safety First

Solar Eclipse, Aug. 21st – Safety First

Cool Astronomy shows you 50 ways to enjoy the sky. One of them you can try at home on August 21st during the upcoming solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is when the moon  passes between the earth and the sun. When this happens the moon blocks the sun. If it is a total eclipse, the sun is completely covered up. If it is partial eclipse, only part of the sun is covered up. On August 21st in Indiana, the eclipse is expected to be partial and will look like this.

One of the things you can learn in this book is how to watch a solar eclipse safely. This is really important to know because watching a solar eclipse incorrectly can hurt your eyes. Your retina can actually get burned by the sun. You can get “eclipse blindness”. “Eclipse blindness” can go away, or if it is bad enough, can be permanent. What makes “eclipse blindness” especially dangerous is that there are no nerves in the retina of your eye and you will not feel yourself being hurt. You will only notice later when you can’t see right, but the damage to your eye will already done. So please read Exploratoriuam: How to View a Solar Eclipse Safely. Observe, but do it the right way!

Viewing the Eclipse safely in Indy & Getting Glasses/Viewers:

Visitors to The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis on August 21st will be provided with free, safe eclipse-viewing glasses and will gather together on museum grounds with staff scientists who will discuss the spectacle and answer questions from curious little learners and their grownups. 

NASA approved eclipses glasses/viewers are available for purchase at Butler University’s Holcomb Observatory and Planetarium for $2. Their website currently says, “Please check this website on or after the 15th (of August) for details for when we will be selling the glasses/viewers. Cash or check only, please.”

Here are some library programs that will help you have fun learning about the coming eclipse. Read the descriptions to see how you might score an eclipse viewer to help you see the eclipse safely.

The Art of the Eclipse

Art of the Eclipse Class Various Branches in August & September School-age children are invited to join Art With a Heart for a program full of art and science inspired by the stars, sun, moon and the August eclipse. Schedule

The Great American Eclipse: Standing in the Shadow of the Moon Central Library, Sunday, August 13 at 2pm
Individuals of all ages are invited to a one-hour multi-media presentation by Kurt Williams, Deputy Director of Link Observatory Space Science, who will illustrate the latest animations to describe the science of our sun, the orbital dynamics of solar eclipses, and details about the Great American Eclipse occurring on August 21. Attendees will receive a free pair of eclipse glasses while supplies last, one pair per person.

Sun and Moon Toddler Storytime Lawrence Library, Thursday, August 17 at 10:30am
Toddlers 2 and 3 years old and an adult are invited to celebrate the upcoming eclipse with a sun and moon-themed storytime. They’ll enjoy simple stories, songs, bubbles and a special craft! 

Gotta Wear Shades Eclipse Program Glendale Branch, Saturday, August 19 at 2pm
Families are invited to get ready for the solar eclipse on August 21 by discovering how to view the sun safely and making a pin hole viewer. The first 25 participants will receive a free pair of eclipse glasses (one per family). Families are asked to bring a small box for each child.

You might also like watching the Perseid Meteor Shower that occurs in 2017 from July 17th – August 24th.


Video on the Sun & Viewing Solar Eclipses Safely:


Websites:


Books about Solar Eclipses:

Solar and Lunar EclipsesEclipsesLooking Up Looking Up!

Space Stories:

Book jacket for Missile Mouse Rescue on Tankium 3The True Meaning of SmekdayThe Dead GentlemanAmulet The StonekeeperBook jacket for Zita the Space GirlBook jacket for Every Soul a StarBook jacket for Boom!CosmicThe Search for Wondla
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Around the World: Food

Around the World: Food

World Food Alphabet

 

Open the World Food Alphabet to explore what breakfast, lunch and dinner look and taste like all over the world. How do people in other places get their food? How do they prepare it? What flavors are popular in different parts of the world? 

Try one of these recipe websites or one of these cookbooks to surprise your family by stirromg up something new and international for your next dinner.

Websites:


Books:

Lets EatAround the World CookbookCool World CookingOne World Kids' CookbookThe World in Your Lunch BoxHoliday Cooking Around the WorldDesserts Around the WorldEasy Breakfasts from Around the WorldEasy Lunches from Around the WorldEasy Main Dishes from Around the WorldEasy Desserts from Around the WorldEasy Snacks from Around the WorldEasy Vegetarian Foods from Around the World
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Refugees: Their Stories

Refugees: Their Stories

An immigrant is a person who leaves his or her home country to work, study or live in a new country. Sometimes people are immigrants to get an education that is not available in their home country. Sometimes people immigrate to do a particular job or to live in a country whose customs and laws are different than their home country.

A special kind of immigrant is a refugee. Their reasons for leaving their home country are different. A refugee is a person who is fleeing his or her home country to escape danger, like a war, or to escape persecution. Persecution is being hurt based on your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular group or having a particular political opinion. The United States welcomes many immigrants each year to live and work and study, as well as giving refuge to people who have fled their home country for their own safety. 

The Journey is a story that will help you understand what it is like to have to leave everything you know behind to start over somewhere new.  Below are more books written by, or about, refugees. By reading these books you can live for just a little while, in their experience. I did not grow up afraid. I did not have to worry about living in a war zone, being hurt or being persecuted. I also didn’t want to think about having to move and change schools, let alone thinking about starting a whole new life somewhere and having to learn a new language and new customs and meet all new people. I don’t know what that’s like because I never had to do it. These stories help me see the challenges that refugees face starting a new life – kids facing anxiety and fear and danger with courage. Sometimes you meet new friends in person. Sometimes you meet them in books. Here are some kids I think you will be proud to know.


Non-Fiction:

adrift-at-seaAdrift at Sea: a Vietnamese Boy’s Story of Survival – Tuan and his family survive bullets, a broken motor, and a leaking boat in the long days they spend at sea after fleeing Vietnam. A true story as told to the author by Tuan Ho. Includes family photographs and a historical note about the Vietnamese crisis.


immigrants-and-refugeesImmigrants and Refugees – Describes current patterns of migration around the world, including the causes and effects of immigration and emigration.


the-journey-that-saved-curious-georgeThe Journey That Saved Curious George: the True Wartime Ecape of Margret and H.A. Rey – In 1940, Hans and Margret Rey fled their Paris home as the German army advanced. They began their harrowing journey on bicycles, pedaling to Southern France with children’s book manuscripts, including what would become the international sensation “Curious George,” among their few possessions. This is their dramatic story.


out-of-iraqOut of Iraq Refugees’ Stories in Words, Paintings & Music – Out of Iraq tells the stories of a number of Iraqi refugee families that have made Syria their home over the 5 years since the war in Iraq began. This book tells the stories of their flight from Iraq, the memories of home in the ‘good old days’ and their continued courage living as refugees.


a-song-for-cambodiaA Song for Cambodia – A biography of Arn Chorn-Pond who, as a young boy in 1970s Cambodia, survived the Khmer Rouge killing fields because of his skill on the khim, a traditional instrument, and later went on to help heal others and revive Cambodian music and culture.


Stories:

josephs-big-rideJoseph’s Big Ride – A refugee boy’s determination to ride a bicycle leads to an unexpected friendship.


teacupTeacup – A boy travels across the sea in a rowboat in search of a new home, making a journey that is long and difficult–but also filled with beauty and hope.


calling-the-water-drumCalling the Water Drum – A young boy loses both parents as they attempt to flee Haiti for a better life, and afterward is only able to process his grief and communicate with the outside world through playing the drums.



brothers-in-hope

Brothers in Hope: the Story of the Lost Boys of Sudan
– Eight-year-old Garang, orphaned by a civil war in Sudan, finds the inner strength to help lead other boys as they trek hundreds of miles seeking safety in Ethiopia, then Kenya, and finally in the United States.


four-feet-two-sandalsFour Feet Two Sandals – Two young Afghani girls living in a refugee camp in Pakistan share a precious pair of sandals brought by relief workers.


the-color-of-homeThe Color of Home – Hassan, newly-arrived in the United States and feeling homesick, paints a picture at school that shows his old home in Somalia as well as the reason his family had to leave.


how-i-learned-geographyHow I Learned Geography – As he spends hours studying his father’s world map, a young boy escapes the hunger and misery of refugee life. Based on the author’s childhood in Kazakhstan, where he lived as a Polish refugee during World War II. Newbery Honor Book


when-i-get-olderWhen I Get Older – A Somali-Canadian poet, rapper, singer and songwriter tells his own story about leaving war-torn Somalia as a child, growing up in Canada and creating a hit song that touched millions of people around the world with its powerful message of hope.


how-many-days-to-america-a-thanksgiving-storyHow Many Days to America: a Thanksgiving Story – Refugees from a Caribbean island embark on a dangerous boat trip to America where they have a special reason to celebrate Thanksgiving.


oskar-and-the-eight-blessings

Oskar and the Eight Blessings – A young Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany arrives in New York City on the seventh night of Hanukkah and receives small acts of kindness while exploring the city.


the-journeyThe Journey – What is it like to have to leave everything behind and travel many miles to somewhere unfamiliar and strange? A mother and is two brothers away to Miami via the Pedro Pan operation. But when the boys get to Miami, they are thrust into a world where bullies seem to run rampant and it’s not always clear how best to protect themselves.


refugeRefuge – A retelling of the nativity story from a perspective emphasizing the struggle of Mary and Joseph as refugee.


stepping-stonesStepping Stones – In this picture book, a young girl and her family are forced to flee their village to escape the civil war that has engulfed Syria and make their way toward freedom in Europe.


bamboo-peopleBamboo People – Two Burmese boys, one a Karenni refugee and the other the son of an imprisoned Burmese doctor, meet in the jungle and in order to survive they must learn to trust each other. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2012-2013, 6-8 Nominee.


home-of-the-braveHome of the Brave – Kek, an African refugee, is confronted by many strange things at the Minneapolis home of his aunt and cousin, as well as in his fifth grade classroom, and longs for his missing mother, but finds comfort in the company of a cow and her owner. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2009-2010, 6-8 Nominee.


inside-out-and-back-againInside Out and Back Again – Through a series of poems, a young girl chronicles the life-changing year of 1975, when she, her mother, and her brothers leave Vietnam and resettle in Alabama. National Book Award Winner; Young Hoosier Book Award, 2013-2014, 4-6 Nominee; Newbery Honor Book


a-long-walk-to-waterA Long Walk to Water – When the Sudanese civil war reaches his village in 1985, eleven-year-old Salva becomes separated from his family and must walk with other Dinka tribe members through southern Sudan, Ethiopia, and Kenya in search of safe haven. Based on the life of Salva Dut, who, after emigrating to America in 1996, began a project to dig water wells in Sudan. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2012-2013, 6-8 Nominee.


the-only-roadThe Only Road – Twelve-year-old Jaime makes the treacherous journey from his home in Guatemala to his older brother in New Mexico after his cousin is murdered by a drug cartel.


the-red-pencilThe Red Pencil – After her tribal village is attacked by militants, Amira, a young Sudanese girl, must flee to safety at a refugee camp, where she finds hope and the chance to pursue an education in the form of a single red pencil and the friendship and encouragement of a wise elder.


serafinas-promiseSerafina’s Promise – In a poor village outside of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Serafina works hard to help her family, but dreams of going to school and becoming a doctor–then the earthquake hits and Serafina must summon all her courage to find her father and still get medicine for her sick baby brother as she promisedYoung Hoosier Book Award, 2016-2017, 4-6 Nominee.


shooting-kabulShooting Kabul – Escaping from Taliban-controlled Afghanistan in the summer of 2001, eleven-year-old Fadi and his family immigrate to the San Francisco Bay Area, where Fadi schemes to return to the Pakistani refugee camp where his little sister was accidentally left behind. Cybil Award for Middle Grade Nomination 2010.

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Amazing and True Animal Stories

Amazing and True Animal Stories

I’m sure you’ve heard people say that dogs are man’s best friend.Animal Stories When you read some of these books, you’ll discover that there are a lot of animals that have been man’s best friend as well as best friends to each other! Who would have thought that a deer and a dog or a dog and a duck could be friends?

Some of these animals just have the best life stories. Some are famous, like Koko the gorilla that learned Puppy Love True Stories of DevotionAmerican Sign Language. Or the 21 elephants that walked across the Brooklyn Bridge when it was built, just to prove it was safe! Or Eclipse, the dog in Seattle that learned how to catch the bus to the dog park all by himself!

Check out some of these books for amazing stories about some special members of the animal kingdom.


Unlikely Animal Friendships:

Tarra and BellaSuryia and RoscoeOwen and MzeeRickie and HenryOne Big Happy FamilyTwo BobbiesKate and PippinLenore Finds a FriendThe Tiger Cubs and the ChimpUnlikely Friendships The Leopard and the CowUnlikely Friendships The Dog and the PigletUnlikely Friendships The Monkey and the Dove

Loyal Friends to People:

Stubby the War DogFinding WinnieHachiko the True Story of a Loyal DogHelen Keller's Best Friend BelleEmi and the Rhinocerous ScientistLittle Dog LostKoko LoveJack and JillMidnightStep Right UpTuesday Takes Me ThereTuesday Tucks Me InRags Hero Dog of World War IDarling Mercy Dog of World War IFly Cher Ami FlyWar DogsNubsBunny the Brave War HorseHachiko WaitsDadblamed Union Army CowThe Donkey of Gallipoli

Amazing True Animal Stories:

Bob the Railway DogClara the True Story of the Rhinocerous Who Dazzled KingsDog on BoardDozer's RunElephants Can Paint TooHerbertEllie's Long WalkFaithful ElephantsElizabeth Queen of the SeasHope for WinterIvanThe Giraffe That Walked to ParisLily a True Story of CourageLooking for MizaOut of the WoodsQueenieSaving the Baghdad ZooShep Our Most Loyal DogStayJumbo the Most Famous Elephant in the WorldThe World's Greatest ElephantWonder HorseZeraffa Giraffa
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