Wilma Rudolph had polio when she was six years old. Polio is a virus that can cause paralysis. Now we have a vaccine for polio but that wasn’t invented yet when Wilma was little. The polio did not paralyze Wilma, but it did leave one leg crooked and Wilma had to wear a brace to help her walk.
When Wilma was nine she took the brace off and when she was eleven she started to play sports in school. Eventually, Wilma won gold medals at the Olympics as a runner. For the next two weeks you can watch the stories of Olympic athletes at the 2010 Vancourver Winter Olympic games. Lots of them will have inspirational stories too. It takes a lot of hard work and determination to compete at the Olympic Level.
Take a look at this great video of Wilma talking about her own life and her experiences at the Olympics.
The United States presidential election of 2016 will be held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. It will be the 58th U.S. presidential election. Becausee of the term limit established by the Twenty-second Amendment, the incumbent president, Barack Obama cannot be elected for a third term. The 2016 election will determine the 45th President President of the United States.
Artifacts at The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis:
Thousands of Marion County, Indiana residents voted at this machine between the 1930s and the 1980 election. During this time, many African Americans struggled to gain the civil rights Caucasian men and women enjoyed. Even though the 15th Amendment granted all American citizens the right to vote regardless of “race, color or previous condition of servitude,” African Americans still struggled for the right to vote particularly in the southern United States. In Indiana, African Americans continued to work for equal rights welcoming two significant federal laws, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voter Rights Act of 1965, helped to ensure African Americans the right to vote.Artifacts at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis
See More Elections Artifacts from the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis’ Collection
Watch A Picture Book of Martin Luther King Jr. Read by LeVar Burton – Reading Rainbow Story Time. A biography of the Baptist minister and civil rights leader whose philosophy and practice of nonviolent civil disobedience helped American blacks win many battles for equal rights.
The words in this book are the words from Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous “I have a dream” speech which he delivered on August 28, 1963 during the March on Washington. Marchers came from all over to gather in front of the Lincoln Memorial. A lot more people watched the march and heard this speech on television.
The paintings in the book were done by Kadir Nelson. The book was named a 2013 Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award Honor Book.
Explore the books & links below to watch the speech itself or find out more about why the March on Washington was so important.
A King James Christmas : Biblical selections with illustrations from around the world.
Depicts happenings in countries around the world on Christmas Eve, 1822, while Clement Clarke Moore gives to his family the first reading ever of his poem “A Visit from Saint Nicholas.”
Mama and Papa Bear and their four children have a world tour Christmas, visiting friends and family in China, Australia, and other countries, and sharing special holiday traditions in each place.
Presents the words of the familiar Christmas song, plus extra verses and brief descriptions of the Christmas traditions of Mexico, Sweden, the Philippines, Poland, Italy, and Kenya.
Sets the traditional Christmas carol in Africa, using a combination of text and rebuses. Includes author’s note about some of the African traditions depicted.
Inspired by the classic English poem, “A Visit from St. Nicholas,” presents a similar tale in which Father Christmas arrives on a donkey cart to an African family with gifts of chickens, toys, and a very special present.
Set in Africa during the Christmas season, this is the story of a village preparing for a celebration – the birth of a child. The story is inspired by the traditional carol The Twelve Days of Christmas, the gifts are: 1 stork in a baobab tree, 2 thatched huts, 3 woven baskets, 4 market traders, 5 bright khangas, 6 women pounding, 7 children playing, 8 wooden carvings, 9 grazing goats, 10 drummers drumming, 11 dancers dancing and 12 storytellers.
Describes the celebration of Christmas in Australia, including recipes, craft projects, and elements of the indigenous culture.
Kathryn’s new pet kangaroo hops into a big pan of Christmas taffy cooling on Grandma’s porch. Australia
Christmas from a wombat’s point of view, including competition for the carrots children have left out for Santa’s reindeer. Australia
Tells how the well-known Christmas carol, “Silent Night,” first came to be written and performed in Austria in the early 1800s.
When winter arrives in the Austrian Alps, eleven-year-old Nicole Kinders is given a magic candy cane by Boznik, the shopkeeper, but after her first taste, it seems the whole world becomes more colorful, more delicious, and more dangerous.
An illustrated edition of the seventeenth-century Canadian Christmas carol that places the Nativity story in a Huron Indian setting.
On Christmas Eve, six French-Canadian trappers meet a mysterious stranger who gives them the gift of a trip to their homes in Montreal, if only they agree not to speak until they cross their own thresholds.
When Katie and Jack wake up on Christmas Eve to hear someone sneezing, they discover Father Christmas, who has a cold, and offer to help him on his rounds as he travels around London.
Discusses how people in France celebrate Christmas, identifying traditional symbols, decorations, presents, foods, and customs associated with the holiday.
Lyrics to familiar Christmas songs in English and French with colorful illustrations and information about French Christmas traditions–also in English and French.
In 1914 France, a British soldier writes to his mother about the strange events of Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, when German and Allied soldiers met on neutral ground to share songs, food, and fun. Includes historical notes and glossary.
A young Jewish girl is fascinated by the traditions of Christmas when her family moves to a small town in France.
Discusses how people in Germany celebrate Christmas, identifying traditional symbols, decorations, presents, foods, and customs associated with the holiday.
Lyrics to familiar Christmas songs in English and German with colorful illustrations and information about German Christmas traditions–also in English and German.
Presents the story of how an American pilot participated in the Berlin Airlift and decided to drop candy for the German children caught behind the post-World-War II Soviet blockade, an effort intended to heal the wounds of war.
Long ago in Germany, an old woman cleans her house and decorates her Christmas tree, hoping that this year she will witness some special Christmas Eve magic.
A tinker’s child who grows up helpng everyone in her Irish village is rewarded in her old age with a cabin built by fairies on Christmas Eve.
In Ireland in the Middle Ages, young Brother Cuthbert, known for making mistakes and giving up easily, is chosen through a miscommunication to serve as scribe for an illuminated manuscript of the Nativity story, through which the Abbot hopes to make the monastery famous.
At Christmastime, six-year-old Angela takes the baby Jesus from the cold church manger to her warm house in Limerick, Ireland. Based on a childhood story told by the author’s mother.
Discusses how people in Italy celebrate Christmas, identifying traditional symbols, decorations, presents, foods, and customs associated with the holiday.
Lyrics to familiar Christmas songs in English and Italian with colorful illustrations and information about Italian Christmas traditions–also in English and Italian.
An illustrated story about Bambinelli Sunday, an Italian Catholic family tradition in which hand-crafted babies (“bambinelli”) destined for the Nativity scene at home are blessed by the pope in a public celebration.
An Italian Christmas tale describing the heartening encounter between a group of royal men looking for the Baby King and an eccentric old woman who, after first turning them away, later bakes them cookies.
Italian-American chef Lidia Bastianich shares her memories of the Christmases she spent in Italy, where she learned to cook with her Nonna Rosa, and provides holiday recipes and decorating ideas.
Strega Nona returns with her bumbling assistant, Big Anthony, and Bambolona, the baker’s daughter, in time for the big Christmas Eve feast. Italy
While a young Japanese boy recovers from an illness, his mother folds origami paper into beautiful silver cranes, decorates a small pine tree, and tells him all about her childhood in America and about the joyous holiday of Christmas.
Ten-year-old Juma and his aunt Aida plan to surprise his Kenyan village with an appearance by Father Christmas and find that they themselves are surprised.
Explores Latin American traditions for celebrating Christmas Eve in a text that combines English and Spanish words and follows the rhythm of Clement Moore’s “The Night Before Christmas”.
In this adaptation of the folk song “The Twelve Days of Christmas,” friends exchange such gifts as a piñata and “cuatro luminarias.” Includes pronunciation and glossary of Spanish words and a description of Christmas foods and other holiday traditions from different Latin American countries.
Lyrics to familiar Christmas songs in English and Spanish with colorful illustrations and information about Mexican Christmas traditions–also in English and Spanish.
When Lucida is unable to finish her gift for the Baby Jesus in time for the Christmas procession, a miracle enables her to offer the beautiful flower we now call the poinsettia. Mexico
Ceci anxiously awaits her first posada, the special Mexican Christmas party, and the opportunity to select a piñata for it. Caldecott Medal Winner, 1960.
When his father goes to America to find a job that pays more than toymaking, young Pablo has to act as the man of the house, protecting their small farm and trying to keep his mother and sisters from worrying. Mexico
When his parents and grandfather are late on Christmas Eve, it’s up to Carlos to take over his grandfather’s role in the traditional Mexican reenactment of the Nativity called Las Posadas.
After moving from a small village in Mexico to a town in the United States, Eduardo is sure it will never feel quite like home. The other children don’t speak his language and they do not play fútbol. His family promises him that he will feel right at home by the time Christmas comes along, when “your words float like clouds from your mouth” and “trees will ride on cars.” Eduardo discovers the United States is not so different from Latin America and home is wherever family is.
It’s Christmastime, and Afam has decided to create and dance his own Mmo, or masquerade, just like the big celebratory Mmos he sees performed at festivals. But each time he starts collecting things to make his costume, family preparations for Christmas — haircuts, visiting the tailor, a church service, a trip to their village — get in the way. Will Afam ever get to perform his Mmo? Nigeria
Discusses how people in Norway celebrate Christmas, identifying traditional symbols, decorations, presents, foods, and customs associated with the holiday.
Halva is traveling with her trained bear to visit the King of Denmark (Norway) when they stop for the night at a cottage where, they learn, a pack of trolls is about to make its annual Christmas Eve visit, causing trouble and making a big mess. Includes author’s note about the story’s origins.
A boy from Finnmark and his ice bear help scare away some hungry trolls so that Kyri and her father can enjoy their Christmas Eve meal. Norway
Living with her grandparents after her mother moves to a distant town, Chabelita memorizes her mother’s favorite poem from childhood and plans to recite it at a Christmas pageant. Panama
An old Russian woman who was too busy to travel with the Wise Men to find the Child now searches endlessly for Him each Christmas season. Caldecott Medal Winner, 1961
When Alexi learns from his babuskha that a Russian village church has been closed for sixty years, the resourceful young boy decides to prepare it for a Christmas miracle.
An old woman who was too busy to travel with the Wise Men to find the Child now searches endlessly for Him each Christmas season. Russia
When Baboushka hosts three men, they tell her that they are taking gifts to a king of love, and she is determined to go and give gifts to the king, but first she needs to get her house in order. Russia
While traveling, Babushka gives her gifts for the Christ child away and thinks she has nothing left to give the baby, only to discover that everything she gave away, she also gave to him. Russia
Jamela is responsible for fattening up the chicken intended for Christmas dinner, but instead she gives it a name and makes it her friend. South Africa
Every Christmas Eve, the family put out porridge for the tomtes to thank them for their help around the farm. But this year they forget, and Papa tomte will be angry if he finds out. So Mama tomte and the children hatch a cunning plan. Sweden
In Sweden, while visiting their aunt and uncle at Christmas, triplets Flicka, Ricka, and Dicka are trying out their new ice skates when their dog Mike and new friend Bertie fall through thin ice, and the girls must save them.
Describes the customs, songs, foods, and activities associated with the celebration of Christmas in Sweden.
Pippi Longstocking’s after-Christmas party includes such activities as undecorating the Christmas tree, opening presents, and sledding. First Published in 1950 in Sweden.
Recounts pivotal events in the history and life of Saint Nicholas, including how he came to be associated with Christmas and Santa Claus. Myra, Present Day Turkey
Describes the origins and evolution of Santa Claus, from the Turkish Saint Nicholas to the jolly, red-suited Santa of today. Also discusses similar legendary figures in other cultures.
Describes the celebration of Christmas in Ukraine; includes sections on native songs, recipes, and fun-to-do crafts appropriate to the holiday.
A poor peasant woman who has no money for gifts or a special meal for her children gets help from a kindly mother spider on Christmas. Ukraine
Katrusya’s family cannot afford Christmas, but they cut a smalls pine tree in the forest, decorate it with buttons, and, when baby spiders hatch in its branches, they especially enjoy the silvery webs that appear. Ukraine
Noah writes a letter home each of the twelve days he spends exploring the state of Indiana at Christmastime, as his cousin Darcy shows him everything from the world’s largest Christmas tree to the Indanapolis Motor Speedway. Includes facts about Indiana.
Jacob writes a letter home each of the twelve days he spends exploring Georgia at Christmastime, as his cousin Ava shows him everything from a brown thrasher in a live oak tree to twelve bouncing kangaroos. Includes facts about Georgia.
Ruthie and her mother wonder how they will fulfill their obligation of getting the perfect Christmas tree to the town for the holiday celebration, since Papa has left the Appalachian area to go to war.
Draws on memories of Christmases from mid-twentieth-century New England, describing family members and friends who share holiday treats, enjoy sled rides, and listen for the sound of reindeer hooves on the roof.
Christmas is two days away, but Frances and her little brother Peter, who recently moved with their father to a lighthouse on an isolated island, fear that they will have no treats, no music, and no visit from Santa. Includes facts about the Flying Santa Service.
Frankie and his eight brothers and sisters learn lessons about giving, family, and tradition during a snowy Michigan Christmas long ago.
A young boy, living in rural Kentucky, looks forward to the annual Christmas festivities, especially the traditional family cream candy; but, when his favorite dog disappears, he comes to realize that tradition and family have a deeper meaning.
A mute Indian child has an extraordinary experience one Christmas when, following a figure who seems to be his beloved dead grandfather, he becomes part of a circle in which he, animals, nature, and all the world join in a moment of peace and good will. Native American
United States: Asian American
Yoon, a Korean American, is excited to hear about Santa Claus and Christmas at her school, but her family tells her that such things are not part of their Korean tradition.
United States: Hispanic American
Follows a Hispanic American family in a small New Mexican community as they prepare for and celebrate the nine-day religious festival which occurs just before Christmas.
With Christmas only days away, it snows so heavily that Jacobo the wood carver and his visiting grandson are afraid the roads will not be cleared in time for the rest of the family to come from the city, and that a sick neighbor will not get the help he needs. New Mexico
Provides a Southwestern spin on a Christmas classic, enhanced with bright illustrations, musical notation, and a recipe for a New Mexican holiday cookie–the bizcochitos!
One Christmas Eve, Santa Claus asks his cousin Pancho to help him deliver toys to the boys and girls along the Texas-Mexico border, and when he agrees, Santa magically transforms him into Charro Claus.
The story of a Christmas holiday in Spanish Harlem that young Eric spends with his grandmother. After they prepare their traditional Puerto Rican celebration, Eric and Grandma visit the Metropolitan Museum of Art for a school project, where he sees a painting by Diego Velasquez and realizes for the first time that he could be an artist when he grows up. Grandma witnesses his fascination, and presents Eric with the perfect Christmas gift–a sketchbook and colored pencils–to use in his first steps toward becoming an artist.
A little girl guides the reader through each step of a posada, a Hispanic holiday tradition celebrated on the nine nights before Christmas.
While spending Christmas with her Cuban American grandmother in Miami, Florida, young Nina misses her usual New England holiday but enjoys learning about the foods and other traditions her father knew as a child.
With her father away fighting in World War II and her grandfather too sick to create the traditional luminaria, Luz helps create farolitos, little lanterns, for their Christmas celebration instead. New Mexico