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Density – Buoyancy

Density – Buoyancy

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Every object on earth is made of atoms. Gravity pulls these atoms to the earth. You can measure the pull of gravity on an object – we call that measurement weight.

Density  is how close together the molecules of a substance are or how much mass a substance has in a given space. If you have one cup of jelly beans and one cup of marshmallows…the jelly beans have more mass…there is more “stuff” compacted into the cup. The marshmallows are mostly air. If you put each of those cups in a microwave to melt…the sugar and water that makes up the jelly beans would almost fill the cup to the top. The sugar and water that makes up the marshmallows would only fill the cup a little bit because marshmallows have less mass, they are mostly made of air. Materials with more density weigh more. A cup of jelly beans weighs more than a cup of marshmallows.

For an object to be bouyant, or float, it must have less density that what it is floating in, or it has to have something attached to it that helps it float – like you with a life jacket on.

You Will Need:

  • Drinking Glass
  • Clear Soda
  • Water
  • Ten Raisins

Fill one clear glass up with water and drop in five raisins. Fill another clear glass up with clear soda like sprite or 7up. Drop in five raisins. What happens when you drop the raisins in? What a few minutes – now what is happening to the raisins in each glass? Can you guess why the raisins are behaving differently?

Raisins are heavier than the water in the drinking glass. The raisins are also heavier than the soda in the drinking glass. At first, both sets of raisins sink to the bottom of the glass, they don’t float.

But the soda has little air bubbles in it – the carbioation. These bubbles are attracted to the rough surface of the raisins and stick there. When there are enough of these little carbonated balloons (the bubbles) stuck to the raisins the bubbles lift the raisins to the surface making the raisin float. The bubbles are like little temporary life jackets. When the bubbles pop and the gas inside them escapes into the air…the raisins don’t have anything to help them float anymore and they sink to the bottom of the glass again.

Science Experiment Idea: Try putting other small objects in soda to see if the bubbles will attach to them and help them float to the surface of the soda. Try a penny, a toothpick, a peanut, a skittle. Can you find something that the bubbles will float to the surface like the raisin?


Websites:

More IndyPL Experiments about Density


Books:

Things That Float and Things That Don't That Surprise and Delight Science Experiments That Fizz and Bubble What Floats What Sinks a Look at Density
What Floats in a Moat? How Do Hot Air Balloons Work? Floating and Sinking Captain Kidd's crew experiments with sinking and floating

DVDs:

Download this Hoopla DVD to your device with your IndyPL library card – no waiting! Hoopla Directions

Bill Nye Buoyancy Hoopla Logo Bill Nye the Science Guy Season 1 Episode 5: Buoyancy – Bill Nye takes to the sky in a hot air balloon and goes scuba diving in the Seattle Aquarium to explain why objects like boats, helium, and balloons are buoyant.

Words to Know:

Density – How closely packed together the molecules of a substance are.
Bouyancy – Ability to float or rise to the top of a liquid or gas.
Float – To sit near the surface of a liquid or gas, to not sink.
Mass – How much matter fits in a given space.
Matter – Stuff
Weight – A measure of the force of gravity on an object. Materials with more density weigh more.
Volume – How much space a substance takes up.
*****The confusing relationship between weight and mass: On earth, a bowling ball can weigh about 10 pounds. If you take that same bowling ball to the moon it will weigh much less because the graviational pull of the moon is less than the gravitational pull on the earth. Weight is a measure of gravitational pull. So the weight of the bowling ball, or anything else, changes depending on where you weigh it. The mass of the bowling bowl does not change no matter where it is. The bowling ball has the same amount of mass  on earth as it does on the moon or anywhere else you take it.

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Andrew Luck Book Club: First Rookie Book – Maniac Magee

Andrew Luck Book Club: First Rookie Book – Maniac Magee

Maniac Magee

Indianapolis Colt Andrew Luck has started a book club. You don’t have to login or sign up or anything! Just read the book! Then, as he says:

“We will use social media to check in with each other periodically about where we are in the books, post our thoughts, comments, questions and such. And every so often, I’ll host a Q&A on AndrewLuckBookClub.com so we can have a “live” discussion about the books.”

And also, Maniac Magee is worth 25 points for the Summer Reading Program! Not signed up yet? Learn all about it here. 2016 SRP Logo V3A

Everything You Need to Know:

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Harriet Tubman on the New $20 Bill

Harriet Tubman on the New $20 Bill

“The front of the new $20 will feature the portrait of Harriet Tubman, whose life was dedicated to fighting for liberty. The reverse of the new $20 will display The White House and an image of President Andrew Jackson.” ~The U.S. Treasury

Websites:

Books:

Moses Aunt Harriet's Underground Railroad in the Sky Chasing Freedom Harriet Tubman and My Grandmothers Quilts
Harriet Tubman Secret Agent True Harriet Tubman When Harriet Met Sojourner
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April National Poetry Month – Try These: Books in Verse

April National Poetry Month – Try These: Books in Verse

National Poetry Month is a national celebration of poetry established by the Academy of American Poets. The books on this page are chapter book stories…written in verse. You might not think of these kinds of books right away when you think of poetry. The word “poetry” probably makes you think of “Where the Sidewalk Ends” and Shel Silverstein. But these books are poetry too, and how amazing, an author writing a whole chapter book in verse.

 

 

Brown Girl Dreaming Brains for Lunch All the Broken Pieces Love That Dog Out of the Dust
Gone Fishing Inside Out and Back Again Little Dog Lost May B Planet Middle School
Running With Trains The Wild Book

Books recommended by: Janet Spaulding, Selection Services

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Journey Around the World for Kids

Journey Around the World for Kids

16-3491_JourneyAroundTheWorld_300x200_CCISix programs to choose from!

MORE programs for kids can be found here.

Books:

Around the World: Celebrations
Around the World: Christmas
Around the World: Crafts & Games
Around the World: Food
Around the World: Cinderella
Around the World: Tales & Stories


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