Density – Buoyancy

Density – Buoyancy

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Every object on earth is made of atoms. Gravity pulls these atoms to the earth. You can measure the pull of gravity on an object – we call that measurement weight.

A molecule is a group of atoms bonded together. Density  is how close together the molecules of a substance are or how much mass a substance has in a given space.

For example, if you have one cup of jelly beans and one cup of marshmallows, the jelly beans have more mass because there is more “stuff” compacted into the cup. The marshmallows have less mass because the molecules of marshmallows or NOT close together. Marshmallows are mostly air.

If you put each of those cups in a microwave to melt the jelly beans and the marshmallows, the sugar and water molecules that make up the jelly beans would almost fill the cup to the top. The sugar and water molecules that makes up the marshmallows would only fill the cup a little bit because marshmallows have less mass, they are mostly made of air. Materials with more density weigh more. A cup of jelly beans weighs more than a cup of marshmallows.

For an object to be buoyant, or float, it must have less density that what it is floating in, or, it has to have something attached to it that helps it float – like you with a life jacket on.srplife-jacket

To investigate buoyancy, try this experiment:

You Will Need:

  • Drinking Glass
  • Clear Soda
  • Water
  • Ten Raisins

Fill one clear glass up with water and drop in five raisins. Fill another clear glass up with clear soda like sprite or 7up. Drop in five raisins. What happens when you drop the raisins in? What a few minutes – now what is happening to the raisins in each glass? Can you guess why the raisins are behaving differently?

Raisins are heavier than the water in the drinking glass. The raisins are also heavier than the soda in the drinking glass. At first, both sets of raisins sink to the bottom of the glass, they don’t float.

But the soda has little air bubbles in it – the carbonation. When there are enough of these little carbonated balloons (the bubbles) stuck to the raisins the bubbles lift the raisins to the surface making the raisin float. The bubbles are like little temporary life jackets! When the bubbles pop and the gas inside them escapes into the air…the raisins don’t have anything to help them float anymore and they sink to the bottom of the glass again.

Science Experiment Idea: Try putting other small objects in soda to see if the bubbles will attach to them and help them float to the surface of the soda. Try a penny, a toothpick, a peanut, or a skittle. Can you find something that the bubbles will float to the surface like the raisin?

Websites & Databases:

More IndyPL Experiments about Density:

Science in Context: Bouyancy is a database you can use in any IndyPL Library Branch or at home with your IndyPL Library Card. The Science in Context database will show you articles, images and videos to help you learn about bouyancy.​


Listed below are both e-books and print books you can check out with your IndyPL library card about bouyancy. If you are still having trouble with your homework you can ask for help at any of our locations or text a librarian at 317-333-6877. You can also ask a math and science expert by calling the Ask Rose Homework Hotline. They provide FREE math and science homework help to Indiana students in grades 6-12.


Use your indyPL Library Card number and PIN to check out FREE Online eBooks, eAudiobooks & Story Videos. Click on a book jacket & enter your Library Card number and PIN to borrow. What’s My PIN?

Hoopla Logo

Does It Sink or Does It Float?Floating and SinkingFlota se HundeHow Does It Fly Hot Air BalloonsWhat Floats What Sinks

Print Books:

Captain Kidd's Crew Experiments with Floating and SinkingHow Do Hot Air Balloons Work?Things That Float and Things That Don't

Words to Know:

Density – How closely packed together the molecules of a substance are.
Bouyancy – The ability to float or rise to the top of a liquid or gas.
Float – To sit near the surface of a liquid or gas. The opposite of floating is sinking.
Mass –  A measure of the number of atoms something has.
Weight – A measure of the force of gravity on an object. Things that have more density weigh more.
Volume – How much space something takes up.
*****The confusing relationship between weight and mass: On earth, a bowling ball can weigh about 10 pounds. If you take that same bowling ball to the moon it will weigh much less because the gravitational pull of the moon is less than the gravitational pull on the earth. I’m sure you have seen video of how astronauts walking on the moon kind of “float” with each step because the gravitational pull on their body mass on the moon is less than it is here on earth.  Weight is a measure of gravitational pull. So the weight of the bowling ball, or anything else, changes depending on where you weigh it. The mass of something is the amount of matter in it..the atoms and molecules.The mass of the bowling bowl does not change no matter where it is, but its weight does, because weight is a measurement of gravitation pull. The weight of something depends on what planet or moon you are on when you weigh it!





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57 Responses »

  1. Thanks for this it wasnt due yesterday thoug its due tomorrow my teacjer got the date wrong,but thanks thou

  2. The information was originally published in 2011 but has been updated a few times, most recently in 2016. This post is from the Kids’ Blog at the Indianapolis Public Library.

  3. I need to know when this info was published and who got the information and wrt it down

  4. If it were up to us you would get an A for: 1. manners 2. asking for help several days before your deadline. Good job! You would also get extra credit for not wanting to plagiarize!

  5. I gorgot to say that i need it before april 4 i can i get that favor plz

  6. Hello i have a qustion im doing a project and i dont want to plagerize can u guys tell me info about u gus plz

  7. I think the information was super helpful. Thank you for finally giving a definition on density that is easy to understand. 🤗😊😄😀🙂☺️😉😃

  8. It was good. I don’t understand why you guys don’t get this this. This helped me with facts on my science fair project. Good luck with your blog! P.S I love to read so don’t be so judge.

  9. Thank you for this wonderful lesson and experiment on density! The children will love it! I homeschool and this experiment will lend itself well to doing a lesson with children of multiple ages. I can take it further for the older children and the younger children will enjoy observing and discussing what they see. Thanks again!

  10. I’m working on homework right now and I’m SUPER confused. It’s all about what alters the appearance of something in water and the law of something of something. I NEED HELP!!!!!!!!!!

  11. Can you explain your question a little bit more? I’m not sure what you mean by “how the density gets more weight on itself”.

  12. what is the difference of a data table and a graph for my project on density of liquids what is a discussion , application and conclusion how to write this or explain this to me

  13. thanks you helped me with my research for stem fair filled all pages woo hoo thank you lots of love

  14. Density has to do something about mass. If you think about its a easy topic. If there is more density it will fall to the bottom and if there is less density it will flow to the top.

  15. I thought it was ok but you could include more info or even stuff about the history of density and buoyancy. that would help me because I’m doing a research report on density and buoyancy for my science fair, thanks and good luck with your blog!

  16. thanks for the info! loved the examples. used to think science was boring but this is soooo interesting! you put it all into one little paragraph, not that i dont like reading. anyways keep up the good work:)

  17. kids don’t like to read they like to see pictures and captions with to many words kids wont be interested and they will start daydreaming during class and fail so next time you do some blog on something use less words and more pictures because i know because i am a kid and i don’t like to read a lot 🙂

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