Science Experiment: Nucleation – Mentos Volcano

Science Experiment: Nucleation – Mentos Volcano

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What You Need:

  • Liter of Diet Soda
  • Roll of Mentos Candy

Definitely go outside. Set the liter of soda on a firm surface – a sidewalk will work fine. Quickly – and I mean quickly – add the roll of mentos candy. Stand back!!

Soda is fizzy because it has carbon dioxide pumped into it at the soda bottle plant. The carbon dioxide bubbles just sit there in the soda until you open the top. When you open the top some of the bubble escape making that “whisssssh” sound.

Each mentos candy has a bunch of pits on the surface. The pits are so small you can barely see them. Under a microscope the a mento would look like a golf ball. Those little pits on the surface of the mento are a perfect place for a bubble to form, this is called a nucleation site.

When you drop the candies in the soda they sink and also start making bubbles in all of those pits. The bubbles form and explode making the soda bubble up and out the top of the soda bottle. To investigate chemical reactions further – try some more experiments at home!

IndyPL Kids Science Experiment Posts about CHEMICAL REACTIONS:

Acids: Bouncing Egg
Acids: Folding Egg
Chemical Bond: Kool Aid Tie Dye
Chemical Reaction: Exploding Ziploc
Chemical Reaction: Penny Cleaner
Chemical Reaction: Plastic Bottle Geyser
Chemical Reaction: Milk Play Dough
Chemical Reaction: Milk Glue
Oxidation: Brown Apples

Here are some websites and books that will give you more chemical reaction experiments to try:

Naked Eggs and Flying Potatoes Science Experiments That Explode and Implode Mythbusters Science Fair Book

Words to Know:

Nucleation Site A place where a gas can form bubbles.

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