Category Archives: Info Guide

Black History: Athletes

Black History: Athletes
Marshall Featured Athlete Marshall “Major” Taylor: This is the story of a young African-American boy who grew up in Indianapolis over a hundred years ago. Despite living at a time when African-Americans were often denied basic rights, Marshall Taylor became a world champion cyclist. Marshall earned the nickname “Major” when he performed bicycle tricks as a very young boy dressed in a military style costume. When he was a teenager he stopped performing tricks and moved on to bicycle racing – and he was really, really good – world champion good! His story is inspiring because he persevered even when there were many people who didn’t want him to even be in a race, let alone win, just because he was African-American. Sometimes he rode fast just to get away from angry people chasing him! Author: Marlene Targ Brill
In Indianapolis, we have the Major Taylor Velodrome, a world-class bicycle racing track named for this cycling great. You can ride your bike and also use inline skates at the Velodrome. If you want to try riding there, it’s best if you are at least 10 years old. Call ahead and see if you can arrange a time to go try it out. And don’t forget your helmet! 3649 Cold Spring Rd., Indianapolis, IN 46222 Velodrome Phone: 317-327-8356.

Websites – Marshall Taylor:

Pinterest Logo 25 IndyPL Kids Pinterest Board: Black History – Athletes

Featured Athlete Oscar RobinsonHave you ever heard of Indiana’s own Olympian Oscar Robertson? In 1955 Oscar went to Crispus Attucks High School. Oscar’s team won the Indiana State Championship, becoming the first all-black school in the nation to win a state title. Robertson led Crispus Attucks to another championship in 1956. Oscar was so good he played in College and went on to win a gold medal with the US Basketball team at the 1960 Olympic Games.

Websites – Oscar Robertson:

Websites – African-American Athletes:

Books – African-American Athletes:

Sports Athletes2 Ship Fair
Touch Jesse Hope Jump
Trouble Satchel Champ Queen
Henry Jackie Lebron

More Info Guides about Black History:

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Indiana Websites


Voting Machine

Thousands of Marion County, Indiana residents voted at this machine between the 1930s and the 1980 election.

Voting Machine 2

During this time, many African Americans struggled to gain the civil rights Caucasian men and women enjoyed. Even though the 15th Amendment granted all American citizens the right to vote regardless of “race, color or previous condition of servitude,” African Americans still struggled for the right to vote particularly in the southern United States. In Indiana, African Americans continued to work for equal rights welcoming two significant federal laws, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voter Rights Act of 1965, helped to ensure African Americans the right to vote. Artifacts at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis 

See More Elections Artifacts from the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis’ Collection

Books about Elections

Election Day Getting Elected Presidential Races Voting
The 15th Amendment Womens Right to Vote

Stories about Elections

Big Nate Mr. Popularity Caste Your Ballot The Ellie McDoodle Diaries Ellie for President I Am a Genius of Unspeakable
The Kid Who Ran for President The Misfits




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A World of Her Own Bird and Igloo The Spanish in Early America Conquistadors
Plant Hunters Adventurs on the Ancient Silk Road Eyewitness Explorer Explore The Most Dangerous Journeys of All Time
Down the Colorado Explorers Trappers & Pioneers Epic Voyages Into the Unknown
Into the West Women Explorers The Journals of Lewis & Clark The World Made New
Your Life as a Private on the Lewis and Clark Expedition Uncovering Vikings_1 Discover More Explorers Who Was First
Marco Polo Columbus Alexander the Great Sailing the Unknown

Find Books About These Explorers:

Alexander the Great
Amundsen, Roald
Balboa, Vasco Nunez de
Boone, Daniel
Byrd, Richard
Cabot, John
Carson, Kit
Cartier, Jacques
Champlain, Samuel
Clark, William
Columbus, Christopher
Cook, Captain James
Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de
Cortes, Hernan
Drake, Sir Francis
Henson, Matthew
Hudson, Henry
La Salle, Sieur de
Lewis, Meriwether
Magellan, Ferdinand
Peary, Robert
Pizarro, Francisco
Polo, Marco
Ponce de Leon, Juan
Powell, John Wesley
Raleigh, Sir Walter
Shackleton, Ernest
Soto, Hernando de
Vespucci, Amerigo
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