Category Archives: Info Guide

The 13 Colonies

The 13 Colonies

Websites:


Books:

The Adventurous Life of Myles Standish The Doctor You Wouldn't Want to Be an American Colonist Hasty Pudding
John Paul George and Ben John Winthrop Oliver Cromwell and the Land of Promise The Mayflower Compact The Scoop on the Cloths, Home and Daily Life of the Colonists
Who Were the Accused Witches of Salem Roanoke Courage of Sarah Noble Witch of Blackbird Pond

Databases:

Encyclopedia, magazine & newspaper articles about the U.S. Civil War.

  • U.S. History in Context is a database you can use in any IndyPL Library Branch or at home with your IndyPL Library Card. American Colonies Login using your library card number and PIN.

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The 2014 Winter Olympics

The 2014 Winter Olympics

The Winter Olympics

The XXII  Winter Olympic Games take place February 7-23, 2014 in Sochi, Russia. Below you will find websites and books to help you enjoy and follow all of the details, from countries to athletes to records.

Websites:

Learn About the Olympics:

Coubertin's Olympics Eyewitness Olympians Olympics History Inside the Olympics
Freeze Frame a Photographic History of the Winter Games Special Olympics Touch the Sky The World's Greatest Olympians
The Winter Olympics Olympics A Passion for Victory So You Think You Know the Olympics
Olympic Heroes and Zeroes Amazing Olympic Records Great Olympic Moments High-Tech Olympics
The World of the Olympics Events History Scandals
Records Paralympic Sports Events Ancient Greece and the Olympics

Winter Olympic Sports:

Alpine and Freestyle Skiing Biathlon, Cross-Country, Ski Jumping, and Nordic Combined Bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton Figure Skating
Ice Hockey and Curling Snowboard Speed Skating Curling
Figure Skating Ice Hockey Skiing Ski Slopestyle

Olympic Chapter Books:

Rush for the Gold: Mystery at the Olympics The Hour of the Olympics

Olympic eBooks:

Hour of the Olympics Ancient Greece and the Olympics The Olympics

Graphic Novels:

The Smurf Olympics Geronimo Stilton Saves the Olympics
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Black History: Cowboys, Pioneers & the West

Black History: Cowboys, Pioneers & the West

Bad News for Outlaws

Featured Old West Marshall: Bass Reeves Bass Reeves grew up as a slave in Texas. Even as a young boy he was good with a gun. His master used to take him to shooting contests to show him off. One night though, when Bass was a young man, he and his master got in a fight and Bass punched his owner. Hitting a white man was punishable by death – so Bass ran, and he ran as a fast and as far as he could – all the way to Indian Territory in the West.

The frontier wasn’t called the Wild West for nothing. It was rough country with outlaws roaming around. The West was a great place for bad guys to hide. In 1875 the government hired 200 deputy marshals to help bring order to the frontier and Bass Reeves was one of them. He was also the best one. He could fight and he could shoot when he had too, but mostly, he was smart. He was also known for his honesty and integrity. One time, he had to arrest his own son! Author: Vaunda Micheaux Nelson

The Legend of Bass Reeves

Another great book about Bass is The Legend of Bass Reeves. Gary Paulsen, the author of this book, calls it “the true and fictional account of the most valiant marshal in the West.” Mr. Paulsen adds a little here and there to fill in the places where history left gaps…but for the most part, this is the story of Bass the real guy – the first African-American U.S. Deputy Marshal west of the Mississippi – and this was in the 1870s! Bass became a legend, even in his own time. Some outlaws turned themselves in once they heard it was Bass that would be looking for them! Bass Reeves – an American original!

Websites:

Books:

BestShot BlackIndians Buffalo Pickett
Hurry Nothing Thunder OldWest
Frontiers Nicodemus

More Info Guides about Black History:

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Black History: The Civil Rights Movement

Black History: The Civil Rights Movement

Claudette ColvinFeatured Civil Rights Activist: Claudette Colvin grew up in Alabama in the 1940s and 1950s. At that time, Jim Crow rules dominated her life. Jim Crow rules were designed to keep black people and white people separated. These are the rules that said black people could not eat in certain restaurants or sit in certain seats on a city bus. When Claudette was 15 years old she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white person, so she was arrested. You’re probably thinking, no, that was Rosa Parks. It’s true, Rosa Parks did the same thing, but Claudette did it too! A lawsuit was filed on behalf of several people, including Claudette and Rosa, to end bus segregation, and eventually, they won. Rosa is more well known, but Claudette was right there too, and she was just a kid! Reading her story helps you understand that it took lots of people, young and old, to change the Jim Crow rules. A lot of people were brave enough to stand up and say, “no more!”

This book includes interviews with Claudette herself, so you get the story straight from her. She talks about what it felt like to live with Jim Crow; to constantly be told, “you can’t”. When you hear a real person talking about it, it seems much more real than reading a plain description. Claudette was there and she can speak for herself. If you like reading about Claudette, try Marching For Freedom. That one tells the story of kids who marched in Selma, Alabama to help win black people the right to vote. It’s really good too and includes interviews with people who were kids back then and were actually there.

Websites:

Indiana History and Civil Rights:

FocusOnIndianaSmall

If you like Claudette’s story you might like finding out about a strong Hoosier woman who fought for her rights. When Indiana became a state in 1816, the constitution stated, “there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude.” In

early 1816, Mary Bateman Clark, a slave in Kentucky, was sold and brought to Knox County, Indiana, as an “indentured servant.”

In 1821 Clark filed suit for her freedom. The Knox County Circuit Court ruled against Clark’s petition to end her indentured servitude. Clark appealed to the Indiana Supreme Court, which ruled that Clark’s status was clearly not voluntary. The court awarded Clark her freedom and in doing so set a precedent for freedom for other indentured blacks held in Indiana.

mary-clark-marker

Books:

Inspiring Activitists Mountaintop Miles
Sitin Marching Movement2 IHave
Job

 

More Info Guides about Black History:

More ore about these Civil Rights Movement Events and People:

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Black History: Musicians & Singers

Black History: Musicians & Singers

Sweethearts of Rhythm

Featured Musicians: The Sweethearts of Rhythm The Sweethearts of Rhythm were a real all girl band that traveled around the country in the 1930s and 1940s. The band was unusual because it was all girls and because it was integrated.

One reason the girls got this chance is World War II. A lot of men were fighting in the war so it was easier for a girl band to get gigs. Once they did, they became popular because they were so good.

Sometimes the band had trouble because it was integrated. When the band played in the South they had to sleep on their tour bus because it was illegal there for black and white people to be in the same restaurant or hotel. Sometimes the girls had to wear disguises to hide the fact that their skin color was not all the same.

The author tells the story of the Sweethearts in poems and she uses the rhythms of jazz music in her poetry. It’s not like reading a book of facts. Read the poems, look at the great pictures and then don’t forget to read the author’s note in the back.

Websites:

Books:

Here are some more books that highlight African American music, composers, singers & musicians from slave work songs to spirituals to songs of the civil rights movement::
ABZ JazzMusicians Rock Band
Nothing Last Sweet Hollow
Voice Nobody Saturday Flo
Blackbird Josephine Dream Billie
Marion Louis Duke Bessie

FocusOnIndianaSmall

African American Music in Indiana

From the 1870s to the 1950s, Indiana Avenue in Indianapolis served as the focal point of Indianapolis’s black community. Originally called Indiana Street, the Avenue begins at the intersection of Illinois and Ohio Streets and extends northwest. While the Avenue was originally settled by German and Irish immigrants, by 1870 one-third of Indianapolis’s black population lived near Indiana Avenue. The black population in Indianapolis surged in the early 1900s as blacks migrated to the city from the South.

The Indiana Avenue businesses included restaurants, saloons, grocery stores, clothing stores, hair stylists, barber shops, a hotel, and more. Some of the most famous businesses on the Avenue were the Indianapolis Recorder (a black newspaper) and the Walker Building (which housed a casino and theatre, offices, a beauty college, drugstore, and restaurant.) In the 1930s, the Avenue’s businesses were focused on food and entertainment. By 1940 there were more than twenty-five jazz clubs on the Avenue where both national talent and local legends played. I wonder if the Sweethearts of Rhythm ever played there?

(from The Indiana Historical Society 2011 Indiana Black History Challenge

More Info Guides about Black History:

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