The Circulatory System moves nutrients to the cells of the body to feed them and help them fight disease. The main parts of the Circulatory System are the heart, blood and blood vessels. Arteries carry blood and the oxygen in it from the lungs to all of the other cells of the body. Once the oxygen is used, veins carry the blood back to the heart. Inside the heart are four chambers. Each chamber is a little pump that pushes the blood through the body. It takes 1-2 minutes for blood to circulate all around your body.
The Excretory System removes waste that collects in the body during metabolism. Metabolism is when the bady takes in air, food and liquid. The body uses most of these things to grow and make energy, but the body can’t use all of it. The leftovers are called waste. These waste products can be toxic if they are not eliminated. Major organs of the excretory system include the kidneys, liver, bladder, lungs and large intestine. Yes, even the lungs – when you exhale, the lungs eliminate gases your body can’t use.
Read Sandy’s Circus – As a boy, Sandy was always fiddling with odds and ends, making objects for friends. When he got older he started creating wire sculptures. Sandy made a lion. Next came a lion cage. Before he knew it, he had an entire circus and was traveling between Paris and New York performing a brand-new kind of art for amazed audiences.
Alexander Calder (nicknamed “Sandy”) was an American artist in the early 1900s. He is best known for making mobiles. He is also famous for making a miniature circus out of wire and bits of metal and string. This book is the story of Mr. Calder and his circus. The circus figures were tiny mechanical toys that used springs and string and air to move. Mr. Calder carried the little circus around in suitcases and would unload all of the pieces and perform the circus himself – kind of like a puppet show. You can watch the video below and see the real Mr. Calder performing his circus show. Remember that each of those circus figures he made out of bits of trash. Now that’s an artist – making a work of art out of trash! In the video, the circus pieces balance and move and do exactly what he wants them to do – and they look like what they are supposed to look like too…the lion, the trapeze artist, the elephant. Watch the horse rider figure flip in the air and land balanced on the horse – how did he do that? Amazing!
Click on the book jacket to read Savage Earth – A remarkable account of our planet’s structure and the literally Earth-shattering process that shape it — often with savage consequences for human being and other living things…the relentless action of turbulent volcanoes, rivers of ice, and seismic shudders.
Click on the book jacket to read Volcanoes – discover the inner workings of one of Earth’s most terrifying natural phenomena as well as learn about some of the most famous volcanic eruptions in history.
Franny Chapman just wants some peace. But that’s hard to get when her best friend is feuding with her, her sister has disappeared, and her uncle is fighting an old war in his head. Her saintly younger brother is no help, and the cute boy across the street only complicates things. Worst of all, everyone is walking around just waiting for a bomb to fall. It’s 1962, and it seems the whole country is living in fear.
Cracker: The Best Dog in Vietnam (1960s)
Trained to sniff out bombs and traps, Cracker the German Shepherd is prepared for action in Vietnam, but when she is teamed up with Rick, a young man whose family doubts he can handle infantry life, the new soldier must find a way to build trust between the two so that they can do their jobs well and make it back alive. A Junior Library Guild selection
Dead End in Norvelt (1962)
In the historic town of Norvelt, Pennsylvania, twelve-year-old Jack Gantos spends the summer of 1962 grounded for various offenses until he is assigned to help an elderly neighbor with a most unusual chore involving the newly dead, molten wax, twisted promises, Girl Scout cookies, underage driving, lessons from history, typewriting, and countless bloody noses. Newbery Medal winner 2012
Criss Cross (1960s)
Perkins, Lynne Rae
Teenagers in a small town in the 1960s experience new thoughts and feelings, question their identities, connect, and disconnect as they search for the meaning of life and love. Newbery Medal Winner 2006
Gentle’s Holler (1960s)
In the early 1960s, twelve-year-old songwriter Livy Two Weems dreams of seeing the world beyond the Maggie Valley, North Carolina, holler where she lives in poverty with her parents and eight brothers and sisters, but understands that she must put family first. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2008-2009, 6-8 Nominee
Glory Be (1964)
In the summer of 1964 as she is about to turn twelve, Glory’s town of Hanging Moss, Mississippi, is beset by racial tension when town leaders close her beloved public pool rather than desegregating it.
Kaleidoscope Eyes (1968)
In 1968, with the Vietnam War raging, thirteen-year-old Lyza inherits a project from her deceased grandfather, who had been using his knowledge of maps and the geography of Lyza’s New Jersey hometown to locate the lost treasure of Captain Kidd. A Junior Library Guild selection
Kizzy Ann Stamps (1963)
Watts, Jeri Hanel
Taking things in stride is not easy for Kizzy Ann, but with her border collie, Shag, at her side, she sets out to live a life as sweet as syrup on cornbread.
Neil Armstrong is My Uncle and Other Lies Muscle Man McGinty Told Me (1969)
Frustrated with ten-year-old Muscle Man McGinty constantly telling lies, Tamara dreams of the day when it all catches up to him and the entire town sees him for who he is, but when an incredible event takes place in the summer of 1969, Tamara gains a new sense of spirit towards her fellow man that alters her outlook on life in the most surprising way.
One Crazy Summer (1968)
In the summer of 1968, after traveling from Brooklyn to Oakland, California, to spend a month with the mother they barely know, eleven-year-old Delphine and her two younger sisters arrive to a cold welcome as they discover that their mother, a dedicated poet and printer, is resentful of the intrusion of their visit and wants them to attend a nearby Black Panther summer camp. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2012-2013, 4-6 Nominee. A Junior Library Guild selection
The Rock and the River (1968)
In 1968 Chicago, fourteen-year-old Sam Childs is caught in a conflict between his father’s nonviolent approach to seeking civil rights for African Americans and his older brother, who has joined the Black Panther Party. 2010 Coretta Scott King-John Steptoe Award; 2010 ALA Notable Books for Children
Sources of Light (1962)
Fourteen-year-old Samantha and her mother move to Jackson, Mississippi, in 1962 after her father is killed in Vietnam, and during the year they spend there Sam encounters both love and hate as she learns about photography from a new friend of her mother’s and witnesses the prejudice and violence of the segregationists of the South. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2012-2013, 6-8 Nominee
This Means War (1962)
In 1962, when her best friend Lowell begins to hang around new friends who think girls are losers, Juliet, a fearful fifth-grader, teams up with bold, brave Patsy who challenges the boys to a series of increasingly dangerous contests.
A Thousand Never Evers (1963)
As the civil rights movement in the South gains momentum in 1963–and violence against African Americans intensifies–the black residents, including seventh-grader Addie Ann Pickett, in the small town of Kuckachoo, Mississippi, begin their own courageous struggle for racial justice. Young Hoosier Book Award, 2011-2012, 6-8 Nominee
Returning after a week-long suspension from his 1960s Queens school, Julian accepts an offer from his English teacher to keep a journal and writes about the incident, which involved blowing up homemade fireworks, maintaining his record as the fastest kid in school and writing a disastrous love letter for a friend.
Uncle Andy’s (1962)
The author describes a trip to see his uncle, the soon-to-be-famous artist Andy Warhol, and the fun that he and his family had on the visit.
War & Watermelon (1969)
As the summer of 1969 turns to fall in their New Jersey town, twelve-year-old Brody plays football in his first year at junior high while his older brother’s protest of the war in Vietnam causes tension with their father.
The Watson’s Go to Birmingham–1963 (1963)
Curtis, Christopher Paul
The ordinary interactions and everyday routines of the Watsons, an African American family living in Flint, Michigan, are drastically changed after they go to visit Grandma in Alabama in the summer of 1963. Newbery Honor Book; Coretta Scott King Award Honor Book, 1996
The Wednesday Wars (1967)
Schmidt, Gary D.
During the 1967 school year, on Wednesday afternoons when all his classmates go to either Catechism or Hebrew school, seventh-grader Holling Hoodhood stays in Mrs. Baker’s classroom where they read the plays of William Shakespeare and Holling learns much of value about the world he lives in.
Yankee Girl (1964)
Rodman, Mary Ann
When her FBI-agent father is transferred to Jackson, Mississippi, in 1964, eleven-year-old Alice wants to be popular but also wants to reach out to the one black girl in her class in a newly-integrated school.