Category Archives: Non-Fiction

Perseid Meteor Shower

Perseid Meteor Shower

National Geographic Kids Meteors

Have you ever seen a “shooting” or “falling” star? These streaks of light are not actually stars at all, but space rocks falling through the earth’s atmosphere. These rocks are called meteoroids or meteors. As the meteor falls it rubs against particle’s in the earth’s atmosphere which creates friction, making the meteor extremely hot. Usually, the meteors become so hot they burn up and disappear before hitting the earth. The flame of that burning up is what we see and what makes meteors look like a star falling out of the sky. If a meteor does survive its journey through the atmosphere and lands on the earth, it is called a meteorite.

At certain times of year we can see a lot of meteors all at once because the earth is passing through a field of space rocks. These times of year are called “meteor showers” because so many space rocks are falling through the earth’s atmosphere at one time. Each year in late summer the Earth passes through a trail of dust and debris left by an ancient comet called Comet Swift-Tuttle. This creates a high number of meteors and is called the Perseid Meteor Shower because the meteors appear to come from within the constellation Perseus.

This year, the Perseid Meteor Shower will occur from July 17 to Aug. 24.

The best way to see meteors is to go outside after dark, lie on your back and look straight up. You might have to wait. Bring a good snack – like popcorn!

You  might also like to know about the solar eclipse that will happen on August 21st!

TCM Meteor

 

This meteorite is an Artifact at the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis.

“Meteorites are one of the few extraterrestrial, from outer space, materials scientists have to study. Most meteorites found on the ground are iron, which are very dense and appear quite different from ordinary rock. This is a Gibeon meteorite made up mostly of iron and nickel. These meteorites resulted in a huge meteor shower that occurred thousands of years ago. Upon hitting he earth’s atmosphere, a large iron mass (or masses) fragmented, showering down to Earth. These fragments were first reported in 1838, with more fragments showing up in following years as Europeans moved in.”

 

 

Websites:

Books:

Comets Meteors and AsteroidsHow the Meteorite Got to the MuseumMeteor ShowersMeteorsNational Geographic Kids MeteorsSeven Wonders of Asteroids Meteors and CometsShooting StarsMeteor!My Friend the StarfinderOlivia Wishes on a StarOne Starry Night
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Solar Eclipse, Aug. 21st – Safety First

Solar Eclipse, Aug. 21st – Safety First

Cool Astronomy shows you 50 ways to enjoy the sky. One of them you can try at home on August 21st during the upcoming solar eclipse. A solar eclipse is when the moon  passes between the earth and the sun. When this happens the moon blocks the sun. If it is a total eclipse, the sun is completely covered up. If it is partial eclipse, only part of the sun is covered up. On August 21st in Indiana, the eclipse is expected to be partial and will look like this.

One of the things you can learn in this book is how to watch a solar eclipse safely. This is really important to know because watching a solar eclipse incorrectly can hurt your eyes. Your retina can actually get burned by the sun. You can get “eclipse blindness”. “Eclipse blindness” can go away, or if it is bad enough, can be permanent. What makes “eclipse blindness” especially dangerous is that there are no nerves in the retina of your eye and you will not feel yourself being hurt. You will only notice later when you can’t see right, but the damage to your eye will already done. So please read Exploratoriuam: How to View a Solar Eclipse Safely. Observe, but do it the right way!

Viewing the Eclipse safely in Indy & Getting Glasses/Viewers:

Visitors to The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis on August 21st will be provided with free, safe eclipse-viewing glasses and will gather together on museum grounds with staff scientists who will discuss the spectacle and answer questions from curious little learners and their grownups. 

NASA approved eclipses glasses/viewers are available for purchase at Butler University’s Holcomb Observatory and Planetarium for $2. Their website currently says, “Please check this website on or after the 15th (of August) for details for when we will be selling the glasses/viewers. Cash or check only, please.”

Here are some library programs that will help you have fun learning about the coming eclipse. Read the descriptions to see how you might score an eclipse viewer to help you see the eclipse safely.

The Art of the Eclipse

Art of the Eclipse Class Various Branches in August & September School-age children are invited to join Art With a Heart for a program full of art and science inspired by the stars, sun, moon and the August eclipse. Schedule

The Great American Eclipse: Standing in the Shadow of the Moon Central Library, Sunday, August 13 at 2pm
Individuals of all ages are invited to a one-hour multi-media presentation by Kurt Williams, Deputy Director of Link Observatory Space Science, who will illustrate the latest animations to describe the science of our sun, the orbital dynamics of solar eclipses, and details about the Great American Eclipse occurring on August 21. Attendees will receive a free pair of eclipse glasses while supplies last, one pair per person.

Sun and Moon Toddler Storytime Lawrence Library, Thursday, August 17 at 10:30am
Toddlers 2 and 3 years old and an adult are invited to celebrate the upcoming eclipse with a sun and moon-themed storytime. They’ll enjoy simple stories, songs, bubbles and a special craft! 

Gotta Wear Shades Eclipse Program Glendale Branch, Saturday, August 19 at 2pm
Families are invited to get ready for the solar eclipse on August 21 by discovering how to view the sun safely and making a pin hole viewer. The first 25 participants will receive a free pair of eclipse glasses (one per family). Families are asked to bring a small box for each child.

You might also like watching the Perseid Meteor Shower that occurs in 2017 from July 17th – August 24th.


Video on the Sun & Viewing Solar Eclipses Safely:


Websites:


Books about Solar Eclipses:

Solar and Lunar EclipsesEclipsesLooking Up Looking Up!

Space Stories:

Book jacket for Missile Mouse Rescue on Tankium 3The True Meaning of SmekdayThe Dead GentlemanAmulet The StonekeeperBook jacket for Zita the Space GirlBook jacket for Every Soul a StarBook jacket for Boom!CosmicThe Search for Wondla
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Around the World: Food

Around the World: Food

World Food Alphabet

 

Open the World Food Alphabet to explore what breakfast, lunch and dinner look and taste like all over the world. How do people in other places get their food? How do they prepare it? What flavors are popular in different parts of the world? 

Try one of these recipe websites or one of these cookbooks to surprise your family by stirromg up something new and international for your next dinner.

Websites:


Books:

Lets EatAround the World CookbookCool World CookingOne World Kids' CookbookThe World in Your Lunch BoxHoliday Cooking Around the WorldDesserts Around the WorldEasy Breakfasts from Around the WorldEasy Lunches from Around the WorldEasy Main Dishes from Around the WorldEasy Desserts from Around the WorldEasy Snacks from Around the WorldEasy Vegetarian Foods from Around the World
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Yum for Everyone – Allergy & Specialty Cookbooks for Kids

Yum for Everyone – Allergy & Specialty Cookbooks for Kids

There are three types of general diets for animals and people:

  • Carnivore – Eats mainly or only meat. Examples: Coyotes, cheetahs, wolves, lions & tigers.
  • Herbivore – Eats mainly or only plants. Examples: Cows, horses, deer, sheep, giraffes, rabbits & manatees.
  • Omnivore – Eats both meat and plants. Examples: Bears, skunks, raccoons, chimpanzees.

Humans are generally omnivores. Our physiology, or our body, makes it possible for us to eat both meat and plants. Many animals are not made that way. Cows, for example, cannot eat meat. The teeth and digestive system of cows are made for eating plants. Cows are herbivores.

Humans can eat both meat and plants, but they don’t always do that. Many things determine what a human might decide to eat. It often depends on where the person lives or what the person can afford. Sometimes people have to eat a certain way for health reasons, like a food allergy or intolerance or illness, such as diabetes. Sometimes people eat a certain way because of their religion. They may have certain customs about food all the time or they may have customs about food just at certain times of year. People who practice Islam, for example, do not eat pork. Roman Catholics often do not eat meat on Good Friday or do not eat meat on the Fridays during Lent.

Here are some common food habits you might hear people talk about:

Cool Dairy Free Recipes

  • Vegan – a person who does not eat or use anything that comes from an animal. A vegan will not eat meat, drink milk, eat eggs or wear leather.
  • Vegetarian – a person who does not eat meat or wear leather, although they might eat animal products like milk or eggs, because the animal does not die to produce those things.
  • Gluten Free – a person who does not eat gluten, a substance in cereal grains, like wheat. Gluten makes people sick if they have celiac disease. Gluten can also make people sick if they have an intolerance to it.
  • Dairy Free – a person who does not eat or drink dairy products like milk, butter or cheese. Typically, people are dairy free because of an allergy or intolerance, or because they are vegan.
  • Peanut Free – a person who does not eat peanuts. Usually this is because of an allergy or intolerance. Sometimes the person cannot eat peanuts whole, or eat any food that contains peanuts. Some people are so allergic they cannot eat something cooked in the same pan or served on the same plate as peanuts.

If you have an allergy or intolerance, or have personal convictions that cause you to eat a certain way, it can be difficult to find recipes that work for you. The Library has many, many recipe books to help you take care of yourself or stay true to your goals. Here are some books that will help you get started learning to eat healthy within the requirements of a special diet.

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America: SafeEats Allergy Friendly Recipes

Books:

Why Doesn't Everyone Eat MeatDelicious Vegetarian Main DishesEasy Vegetarian Foods from Around the WorldHelp Yourself Cookbook for KidsFearless FoodBeat the WheatNo Egg on Your FaceCool Meat Free RecipesCool Nut Free RecipesCool Sugar Free RecipesCool Wheat Free RecipesI'm Allergic to PeanutsI'm Allergic to WheatThat's Why We Don't Eat Animals
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Favorite Book Feasts – Literary Cookbooks for Kids

Favorite Book Feasts – Literary Cookbooks for Kids

Green Eggs and Ham Cookbook

 

Read It and Eat! can take on a whole new meaning with these cookbooks from some of your favorite books. Eating like your favorite character is a perfect way to experience a life like theirs. Find out what dinner tasted like for Laura Ingalls Wilder or bring your imagination to life cooking like a wizard or a Redwall warrior. You don’t have to be an expert to cook. Recipes are just a list of ingredients with instructions about how to put them together. Think of it like an experiment in the kitchen.While it is true that some people have a talent for cooking and can eyeball the measurements or adjust ingredients by taste…the rest of us can get by pretty well just following the directions. 

Here are some more ccokbooks for kids you might like to try:


eBooks:

IndyPLLibraryCard100
Use your indyPL Library Card number and PIN to check out FREE Online eBooks. Click on a book jacket & enter your Library Card number and PIN to borrow. What’s My PIN?

Official Narnia CookbookUnofficial Harry Potter CookbookBerenstain Bears Country Cookbook

Print Books:

Alice in Wonderland CookbookBerenstain Bears Holiday CookbookBoxcar Children CookbookChinese Fairy Tale FeastsCook Me a StoryFairy Tale FeastsGrandpa's Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs CookbookLittle House CookbookMary Poppins in the KitchenMy Little House CookbookNancy Drew CookbookNarnia CookbookRedwall CookbookRoald Dahl's Revolting RecipesSecret Garden CookbookWinnie the Pooh Cookbook
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